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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-13

Knowledge and practices on maternal health care among mothers: A Cross sectional study from rural areas of mid-western development region Nepal

1 Department of Public Health Administration, Faculty of Public health Health, Mahidol University, Thailand
2 Department of Public Health, KLE University, Belgaum, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Public Health, School of PMER, Kathmandu, Nepal
4 International Development Enterprises, Department of Health (SanMark) Project, Rupandehi, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Damaru P Paneru
Department of Public Health, School of health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-5009.109682

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Background: Safe motherhood is a priority program in Nepal, aiming to restrain maternal deaths. Meanwhile, knowledge, practices, accessibility, and service quality are considered keys to improve service utilization. This study was conducted to identify knowledge and practices of maternal health care among mothers having < 1-year-old child in the Mid-western Development Region, Nepal. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during January-April 2011 in rural, Mid-western Development Region, Nepal. Three Village Development Committees (VDC) from Bardiya (plain) and two VDCs from each of the Salyan and Pyuthan (hill) and Jumla (mountain) districts were selected randomly. Hence, there were 81 clusters (1VDC = 9 clusters) and 7-8 participants were selected randomly from each cluster. Data were collected by interview using structured questionnaire and Focus Group Discussion Guideline (18 FGDs), analyzed by SPSS (16.0). CD recorded qualitative data were transcribed and narrated. Percent mean and standard deviation were calculated. Results: Three quarters of the participants had correct knowledge regarding minimum numbers of antenatal visits to be done by a pregnant woman (WHO guideline). Nearly two-fifth participants knew schedule of antenatal care (ANC) visits. Almost 60% had done ≥ 4 ANC visits during last pregnancy. Majority visited Sub Health Post/Health Post/Primary Health Care Centre for ANC Checkup. About 90% had taken Iron and folic acid tablets. About 57% were home deliveries (last childbirth), 40% deliveries were assisted by relatives/husband, and only 32% did postnatal health checkup. Conclusions: There were gaps in the knowledge and practices for health care during pregnancy, childbirth and in the postpartum period. A high rate of home deliveries with the low postnatal service utilization was prevalent. Intensive awareness progam and behavioral change interventions, regular pregnancy monitoring may promote the health service utilization.

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