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EDITORIAL
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-62

Overcoming hindrance in writing research article: Advice to novices


1 Department of Urology, KLES Kidney Foundation, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and MRC, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Urology, KLE University's, JN Medical College, KLES Kidney Foundation, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and MRC, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Biotechnology, KLES RL Science Institute (Autonomous), Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Date of Web Publication11-Oct-2017

Correspondence Address:
Shridhar C Ghagane
Department of Urology, KLES Kidney Foundation, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Mrc, Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jss.JSS_32_17

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How to cite this article:
Ghagane SC, Nerli R B, Puranik SI. Overcoming hindrance in writing research article: Advice to novices. J Sci Soc 2017;44:61-2

How to cite this URL:
Ghagane SC, Nerli R B, Puranik SI. Overcoming hindrance in writing research article: Advice to novices. J Sci Soc [serial online] 2017 [cited 2017 Oct 22];44:61-2. Available from: http://www.jscisociety.com/text.asp?2017/44/2/61/216498

As human civilization emerged, the development of writing was driven by pragmatic necessities such as recording history, codifying laws, exchanging information, and preserving financial accounts. Since then, human memory and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form.[1] Medical and scientific writing in English has evolved over more than a millennium, from its genesis in the Anglo-Saxon era to its present-day position as the “lingua franca” of science.[2] With this background, we come to know that anything which is in the form of written script lasts for decades and eventually helps the new generation as a reference. In this article, we focus on overcoming the obstacles of writing scientific research articles.

Basically, writing directly relates as marketing our scientific products in the form of script. Thus, every researcher should contribute his/her experimental evidence in the form of a written manuscript. However, publication has become an essential aspect of medical and scientific progress. Innovative advances in human knowledge are transferred to the external world through publications. Hence, it becomes essential that this knowledge should be precise, valid, reproducible, and scientifically beneficial.[3] Many aspiring clinicians and scientists dream of publishing their work in high-impact peer-reviewed journals. To make these dreams a reality, it is essential to follow the basic principles of scientific research and publishing.

Herein, we have discussed few tips which make the task easy to draft a manuscript. Thus, the writer should keep the reading audience in mind and draft. It is always important to choose a unique research topic which is innovative and bench to bedside. Experimenting the research and hunting for evidence is one battle and the second is to collate the evidence in the form of manuscript which really requires an art.[4] However, one can primarily start with easy steps and move on to the bigger challenges. Initially, begin with framing a title for the study, titles are always the brand name for the product of the research stuff. Reviewers and editors always look for the titles; hence, the titles should be precise and catchy. The next step to draft is the methodology of the study; this is because methodology is already half-done job during the experimentation process, and it just requires a fine tuning to get the methods in an accurate format. Moving onto the results section, which is just a replica of the methodology, one has to jot down the observations recorded during the experiments.[5] Use of statistics is very important to mention the significance of the results. The most interesting part of a research paper is the discussion part, here comes the real challenge to the authors. Usually, many authors face this section very difficult to compile. However, one can easily overcome the tasks by explaining each key points of the research conducted referring the results of previous studies. Many journal editors refer good scientific writing which contains clarity, brevity, and logic. Thus, each paragraph of the article should be able to stand alone, and yet provide context to what precedes it and what follows it.[6] Use simple language and observe the rules of good grammar, spelling, punctuation, and linguistic style. You must avoid any irrelevant information, no matter how strongly you like it. Your research may have involved years of hard work and many experiments, but the rest of the world does not need to know about these! Include only the work that is relevant to the main topic of the paper and the scientific questions it is addressing. Introduction is the prime part where you should mention about the previous findings and highlight the lacuna of the research aspects which you have touched in your study. Abstract/summary and keywords are the welcome part for the editors and reviewers; these act like gate pass to the articles for further reviewing.[7] Thus, abstract should be to the point and illustrate the research findings in the most precise way to get the article selected for further progress. Conclusions, acknowledgement, conflict of interest, and references are the stuff that would be drafted at the end. These tips boost the confidence level of authors to overcome the difficulties hidden in each aspects of the research article. The course of publishing a manuscript in a high-impact peer-reviewed journal starts with choosing a significant topic, developing an accurate study design with statistical power, accomplishing the work with immaculate integrity and attention to detail, writing an admirable scientific manuscript, submitting it to the relevant journal, responding to reviewer comments, and completing the standard postacceptance checks. Overall, this editorial article provides a brief overview of manuscript structure and suggestions to overcome some common faults associated with manuscript writing.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
  References Top

1.
Wells HG. A Short History of the World. J. J. Little and Ives Company, New York : Cosimo Inc.; 2005.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
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Taavitsainen I, Pahta P, editors. Medical and Scientific Writing in Late Medieval English. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press;2005.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
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Nerli RB, Magdum PV, Ghagane SC. Medical ghost writing. J Sci Soc 2016;43:61.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
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El-Omar EM. How to publish a scientific manuscript in a high-impact journal. Adv Dig Med 2014;1:105-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
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Gastel B, Day RA. How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper. ABCCLIO, LLC | 130 Cremona Dr, Ste C | Santa Barbara, CA 931175515 | USA: ABC-CLIO; 2016.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
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Ávarez M, Boillos MM, Velasco E. The process of building the abstract of a paper in the context of a writing workshop for PhDs. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2015;178:2-8.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
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Vitse CL, Poland GA. Writing a scientific paper-A brief guide for new investigators. Vaccine 2017;35:722-8.  Back to cited text no. 7
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