Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 130-133

Epidemiologic characteristics, predisposing risk factors, and etiologic diagnosis of corneal ulceration in Belagavi


Department of Ophthalmology, JNMC, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Rekha Mudhol
Department of Ophthalmology, JNMC, Belagavi, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jss.JSS_44_17

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: To evaluate the factors predisposing to the onset of corneal ulceration and to identify the specific causative organisms. Materials and Methods: This was a 1-year cross-sectional study. Fifty patients with infectious keratitis were included in the study. A detailed history with documenting his/her sociodemographic information, presenting complaints, previous treatment, predisposing ocular conditions, and associated risk factors was noted, followed by slit lamp biomicroscopy and scraping for staining and culture analysis. Results: Bacterial infections were noted more commonly (28%) than fungal infections (12%) with Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus accounting for the majority of bacterial ulcers (68.75%), and Fusarium species and Aspergillus species were equally (50% each) responsible for most of the fungal infections. The most common predisposing risk factor is ocular trauma (74%). Conclusion: Comprehensive surveys are necessary to assess the specific epidemiological characteristics of corneal ulceration, which are unique for each region and population. It in turn helps to define the magnitude of the problem and design efficient public health programs for its management.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed771    
    Printed63    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded108    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal