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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 153-154

Strengthening of the vector control measures on a global scale: World Health Organization


1 Department of Community Medicine, Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication28-Jun-2019

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
3rd Floor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Ammapettai Village, Thiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Sembakkam Post, Kancheepuram - 603 108, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jss.JSS_63_18

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How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Strengthening of the vector control measures on a global scale: World Health Organization. J Sci Soc 2018;45:153-4

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Strengthening of the vector control measures on a global scale: World Health Organization. J Sci Soc [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Oct 14];45:153-4. Available from: http://www.jscisociety.com/text.asp?2018/45/3/153/261669



Sir,

Vectors have been linked with the causation of numerous diseases or outbreaks among humans across the entire world.[1],[2],[3] Moreover, in the recent past, vector-borne diseases (VBDs) have started to appear even in temperate regions, while earlier, they were restricted to tropical settings, which clearly suggests that the threat of the VBDs is on the rise.[4] This can be attributed to the unplanned urbanization, changes in the way land is being used, unprecedented rise in international trade and travel, poor implementation of international health regulations, weak health-care delivery system, and climate changes.[2],[3]

The available global estimates suggest that four-fifths of the world population is at the risk of one or more VBDs, while more than 15% of the global burden of infectious diseases is again due to VBDs.[4] Further, each year, VBDs have been associated with at least 0.7 million deaths, and are responsible for unacceptable morbidity, burden on the health system, and impairment in the financial growth of the nation.[4] Furthermore, owing to the outbreaks of both old and emerging diseases (such as yellow fever, Zika virus disease, and dengue), vector control is a major challenge for the stakeholders, and there is an immense need for sustainable vector control and capacity building to respond to the threat.[2],[4]

As a matter of fact, due to the strengthening of vector control measures in some parts of the world, lives and health of millions of people have been saved.[1] Significant reduction in the incidence of malaria, onchocerciasis, visceral leishmaniasis, and Chagas disease has been accomplished due to improved vector control.[3],[4] However, such gains are limited to specific locations, while the overall state of vector control is extremely poor on the global scale.[2] In order to bridge the existing gap, there is an immense need to initiate a new and holistic approach, involving the concerned stakeholders, including communities.[2],[4]

Under the Global Vector Control Response for the years 2017–2030, it has been aimed to minimize the burden of the disease through the implementation of effective vector control measures.[1] The idea behind the strategy is to target multiple vectors together via the involvement of concerned sectors (such as health, environment, urban planning, and education), instead of focusing against a single agent.[1] This will not only save resources, but will even deliver long-term favorable outcomes.[1] However, the overall success will be determined by the level of political commitment; engagement of local communities; strengthening of surveillance and monitoring activities; evidence-based expansion of vector control measures; and funding for the implementation of routine measures, innovations (such as new insecticides, better screening of houses, and development in the bio-control measures), and research activities.[1],[2],[3],[4],[5]

To conclude, vector control should be incorporated as a critical component of the national health strategies in the affected and at-risk nations. Further, implementation of the integrated and locally adapted vector control measure will not only save lives, but will also improve the efficiency and reduce monetary expenditures.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Global Vector Control Response 2017–2030. Geneva: WHO Press; 2017. p. 1-13.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Exploring the multiple dimensions in the control of Zika virus disease: Vector control, surveillance, clinical care, risk communication, travel, and promotion of research. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2016;9:377-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
  [Full text]  
3.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Aiming for malaria elimination: World Health Organization. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:315-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
  [Full text]  
4.
Alonso P, Engels D, Reeder J. Renewed Push to Strengthen Vector Control Globally; 2017. Available from: http://who.int/mediacentre/commentaries/strengthen-vector-control/en/. [Last accessed on 2018 Nov 13].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Quintero J, García-Betancourt T, Caprara A, Basso C, Garcia da Rosa E, Manrique-Saide P, et al. Taking innovative vector control interventions in urban Latin America to scale: Lessons learnt from multi-country implementation research. Pathog Glob Health 2017;111:306-16.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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