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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 110-111

Strengthening measures to quit tobacco and control the tobacco epidemic globally: World Health Organization


1 Vice-Principal Curriculum, Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpattu, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpattu, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication28-Jan-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpattu, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu - 603 108
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jss.JSS_33_19

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  Abstract 


Tobacco has been identified a major global public health concern and it has been a major factor affecting the growth and development of a nation. The findings of a recently released report have drawn our attention towards assisting people to quit tobacco, as it is a reality that the global targets cannot be achieved until the existing users decide to quit the same and are successful as well. Even though, many users have expressed their intention to quit, the ground reality is that a total of only 23 nations in today's date are offering a holistic package of services in this regard. In conclusion, despite the progress reported on the fight against tobacco, we are still short in many areas and thus there is an immense need to strengthen all the interventions, especially offering help to people to quit these deadly products.

Keywords: Quitting, tobacco, World Health Organization


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Strengthening measures to quit tobacco and control the tobacco epidemic globally: World Health Organization. J Sci Soc 2019;46:110-1

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Strengthening measures to quit tobacco and control the tobacco epidemic globally: World Health Organization. J Sci Soc [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Jul 15];46:110-1. Available from: http://www.jscisociety.com/text.asp?2019/46/3/110/276997




  Introduction Top


Tobacco has been identified as a major global public health concern, and it has been a major factor affecting the growth and development of a nation as a whole.[1] Currently, in excess of 1 billion people are smokers, of which fourfifth are belonging to developing nations.[2] As a matter of fact, multiple targeted measures have been taken since the adoption of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and this has been possible only because of the involvement of the global leaders/stakeholders and their dedicated actions.[1],[2]

Prevention and Control strategies

Primarily, six key areas have been identified, namely monitoring use and formulation of prevention strategies, protection of the general population from tobacco smoke, assistance to quit tobacco use, enforcement of bans on all promotional activities, increasing taxation, and warning people about the adverse effects.[1],[2] The available global estimates suggest that close to 65% of the global population is covered by at least one of the key interventions, and the number is steadily on the rise.

Infact, in the last 2 years, a total of 36 nations have initiated with targeted actions in one or more of the identified key areas.[2] On further analysis, it has been brought to the limelight that 78% of the benefitted people are from low and middleincome nations.[2] This is an encouraging estimate and it shows that tobacco control has become an important priority for the national leaders even in the developing nations. However, still, a lot needs to be done in these developing nations, and the battle against the control of the problem is far from complete.[2],[3]

Tobacco Quitting

The findings of a recently released report have drawn our attention toward assisting people to quit tobacco, as it is a reality that the global targets cannot be achieved until the existing users decide to quit the same and are successful as well.[3] There are no second thoughts that the call to quit tobacco will be the ultimate action which a person can take toward their own wellbeing.[3] Infact, the time has come wherein the national governments should plan and implement cessation activities within the purview of attainment of universal health coverage.[2],[3]

Even though many users have expressed their intention to quit, the ground reality is that a total of only 23 nations in today's date are offering a holistic package of services in this regard.[2] In order to facilitate quitting, multiple strategies have been proposed and practiced, including advice to users at primary care level, establishment of tollfree quitlines, replacement therapy, and use of digital or mobile (mCessation) approaches to help people to quit tobacco.[2],[3],[4],[5]


  Conclusion Top


In conclusion, despite the progress reported on the fight against tobacco, we are still short in many areas, and thus, there is an immense need to strengthen all the interventions, especially offering help to people to quit these deadly products

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Tobacco: A serious threat to the development of a nation. Int J Prev Med 2019;10:73.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
2.
World Health Organization. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019 – Offer Help to Quit Tobacco Use. Geneva: WHO Press; 2019. p. 1-22.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Pradhan MR, Patel SK. Correlates of tobacco quit attempts and missed opportunity for tobacco cessation among the adult population in India. Addict Behav 2019;95:82-90.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Implementing mTobacco cessation program in India to assist users in quitting tobacco: World Health Organization. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:1417-8.  Back to cited text no. 4
  [Full text]  
5.
Pifarré M, Carrera A, Vilaplana J, Cuadrado J, Solsona S, Abella F, et al. TControl: A mobile app to follow up tobacco-quitting patients. Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2017;142:81-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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