Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 

 Table of Contents  
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 134-135

Scope of international traffic restrictions in the containment of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: World Health Organization


1 Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission04-Jun-2020
Date of Acceptance05-Jun-2020
Date of Web Publication11-Sep-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District - 603108, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jss.JSS_52_20

Rights and Permissions
  Abstract 


The Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been declared as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern and its overall risk of transmission at global level has also been increased to very high based on the recent trends of the disease. It is the need of the hour to strengthen international traffic regulations, if we really want to limit the onward spread of the infection to other nations. The recent recommendations released by the World Health Organization does not support travel or trade restrictions in nations which are reporting cases. Acknowledging all these facts and understanding about the disease as it continues to evolve, the best approach for the containment of the infection is to increase the awareness level of travellers about the preventive measures and to obtain the health declaration from travellers at the time of arrival. In conclusion, for the containment of COVID-19 outbreak and for minimizing the risk of further transmission, strengthening of the international traffic regulations will play a critical role.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, International traffic, World Health Organization


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Scope of international traffic restrictions in the containment of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: World Health Organization. J Sci Soc 2020;47:134-5

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Scope of international traffic restrictions in the containment of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: World Health Organization. J Sci Soc [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 19];47:134-5. Available from: http://www.jscisociety.com/text.asp?2020/47/2/134/294803



Sir,

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has been declared as a public health emergency of international concern, and its overall risk of transmission at global level has also been increased to very high based on the recent trends of the disease.[1],[2] The available estimates depict that the disease has been detected in 216 nations and territories distributed across different continents.[1] In fact, till date, 6,287,771 cases and 379,941 deaths have been reported, with the American and the European region being hit the hardest by the novel viral infection.[1] This calls for the need for strategies to minimize the risk of transmission of infection and intensify research activities for the development of an effective vaccine or therapeutic agent.[1],[3]

The available epidemiological reports suggest that the primary mode of transmission of the disease is either through droplets or from close contacts with the infected persons. It is worth noting that in a single day, 93,246 cases and 3621 deaths were reported in all the affected nations and this becomes an alarming cause of concern as we have been deficient in our efforts to effectively contain the infection.[1],[4] In other words, there is an immense need to strengthen the international traffic regulations, if we really want to limit the onward spread of the infection to other nations.[5] Further, it is a must that nations should invest in strengthening of risk communication and community engagement activities and ensure that the right message reaches the general population at the earliest.[4] In addition, the epidemiological surveillance also needs to be expanded further to avoid any cases being missed.[4]

The recent recommendations released by the World Health Organization do not support travel or trade restrictions in nations which are reporting cases.[5] Moreover, not allowing transfer of goods has affected the business and supply of important logistics. On the contrary, it is vital for the health authorities to understand that the institution of screening of passengers for respiratory symptoms at exit or entry is also not an effective approach to interrupt the international spread of the disease, as there is a definite possibility of infected individual being in the incubation period and thus asymptomatic.[4],[6]

Acknowledging all these facts and understanding about the disease as it continues to evolve, the best approach for the containment of the infection is to increase the awareness level of travelers about the preventive measures (viz., cough etiquettes, hand hygiene, avoiding touching mouth and nose, maintaining a distance of 1 m from respiratory symptomatic individuals, and proper food hygiene practices) and to obtain the health declaration from travelers at the time of arrival, as that will aid the health authorities in contact tracing.[2],[3],[4],[5],[6] It has been envisaged that those individuals who are sick should either avoid or delay their travel to the affected regions, especially those who are having an underlying disease or belong to the elderly age group.[2],[3],[6] Moreover, all the travelers after coming back from an infected area should monitor themselves for the appearance of symptoms within 2 weeks, and if the symptoms appear, they should report to the health facilities.[3],[5]

In conclusion, for the containment of COVID-19 outbreak and for minimizing the risk of further transmission, strengthening of the international traffic regulations will play a critical role.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 135. World Health Organization; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200603-covid-19-sitrep-135.pdf?sfvrsn=39972feb_2. [Last accessed on 2020 Jun 04].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Lee A. Wuhan novel coronavirus (COVID-19): Why global control is challenging? Public Health 2020;179:A1-2.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Jernigan DB; CDC COVID-19 Response Team. Update: Public health response to the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak – United States, February 24, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:216-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
World Health Organization. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan. Geneva: WHO Press; 2020. p. 1-20.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
World Health Organization. Updated WHO Recommendations for International Traffic in Relation to COVID-19 Outbreak. World Health Organization; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/ith/2019-nCoV_advice_for_international_traffic-rev/en/. [Last accessed on 2020 Jun 04].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Minimizing the risk of international spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak by targeting travelers. J Acute Dis 2020;9:47-8.  Back to cited text no. 6
  [Full text]  




 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
Abstract
References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed24    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded8    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal