Journal of the Scientific Society

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13--16

Kidney disease screening among a low-income group of hospital staffs who have less opportunity


MA Kashem1, Rajat Sanker Roy Biswas2, Shaikh Md Hasan Mamun2 
1 Department of Nephrology, Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College, Chittagong, Bangladesh
2 Department of Medicine, Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College, Chittagong, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajat Sanker Roy Biswas
Department of Medicine, Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College, Chittagong
Bangladesh

Background: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been rapidly increasing worldwide, and its early screening is vital to prevent the development of end-stage renal failure. Population-based studies on detection at early stage of kidney disease and its prevalence are scanty in our country. Hence, taking advantage of the observance of the World Kidney Day 2019, we conducted a screening program for kidney disease organized at the Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital premises among a low-income group of hospital staffs. Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study among a low-income group of hospital staffs, working at our hospital. Age, body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure were documented, and urinary protein and serum creatinine were measured at a single sitting. Kidney function was estimated by calculating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula. Kidney function was classified according to the estimated GFR (eGFR) and Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines. Results: A total of 101 hospital staffs were studied. Majority of the participants (38%) were in the age group of 30–39 years. Among all, 24% of the participants had proteinuria (trace to ≥1 plus). The distribution of eGFR was symmetrical, with the majority (79%) of participants in the 60–89 ml/min category, 6.9% in the 30–59 ml/min category, and only 13.9% of the study population had eGFR >90 ml/min. An inverse relation between eGFR and age and a direct relation between eGFR and BMI were observed. Conclusion: Proteinuria, low GFR levels, and consequently the possibility of high burden of CKD are prevailing in the studied participants, and further targeted population-based studies are warranted to clarify these issues.


How to cite this article:
Kashem M A, Biswas RS, Mamun SM. Kidney disease screening among a low-income group of hospital staffs who have less opportunity.J Sci Soc 2020;47:13-16


How to cite this URL:
Kashem M A, Biswas RS, Mamun SM. Kidney disease screening among a low-income group of hospital staffs who have less opportunity. J Sci Soc [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 12 ];47:13-16
Available from: http://www.jscisociety.com/article.asp?issn=0974-5009;year=2020;volume=47;issue=1;spage=13;epage=16;aulast=Kashem;type=0