Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 134-136

Viral diarrhea in children: Time to start rapid diagnosis and vaccination

1 Senior Pediatric Consultant, Royal Hospital, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Poongodi Lakshmi Santhana Kumaraswamy
Department of Microbiology, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli - 627 011, Tamil Nadu
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jss.JSS_29_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: Acute diarrheal diseases are the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years of age throughout the world. This study was done to find out the incidence of rotavirus and adenovirus infection in children below 5 years of age. Materials and Methods: A total of 105 stool samples were collected from hospitalized children below 5 years of age with diarrhea from a private children hospital and tested for rotavirus and adenovirus antigen detection by rapid immunochromatography (RICT). Results: Of the 105 patients tested, 44 (42%) were positive for rotavirus, and two (2%) were positive for adenovirus by RICT. None of the children were positive for both rotavirus and adenovirus. Out of 105 children, only two had received rotavirus vaccine. They were negative for both rotavirus and adenovirus. Conclusion: The rotavirus vaccine can be included in the Universal Immunization Programme. Although the sensitivity and specificity of RICT were reported as 75% and 95% only, it is useful to detect viral diarrhea at the point of care for effective management and containment of diarrheal outbreaks at field level.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded198    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal