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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 105-109

Job stress and its associated factors among working women in Pokhara Metropolitan, Nepal


1 Department of Nursing, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Pokhara, Nepal
2 Department of Public Health, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Pokhara, Nepal
3 Department of Pharmacy, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Pokhara, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tulsi Ram Bhandari
Department of Public Health, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Pokhara
Nepal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jss.JSS_50_20

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Background: Stress is a relationship between the person and the environment which has become one of the most serious health issues worldwide. Globally, the reported prevalence of stress shows 28% of men and 53% of women go through work-family stress. The prevalence is even more in Asian countries. In India, 87% of women are stressed for time to manage work and family. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among the working women of Pokhara Metropolitan. A stratified random sampling technique was used in the study. The total number of samples was divided into each category of the organization as per the percentage available. A self-administered structured questionnaire was given to all 183 women from the selected public as well as a private organization. Descriptive statistics were reported for demographic, socioeconomic, and various environmental as well as the nature of job-related factors of the respondents. A Chi-square test was used to find out the association between the variables. Results: This study revealed that the prevalence of job stress was 47.5% by Effort Reward Imbalance Questionnaire at mean score 40.08 (standard deviation ± 4.97). The age range of the participants was between 20 and 40 years, with a median age of 29 years. The majority of working women (61.2%) were from the age group of 20–30 years. The various factors found to be associated with job stress were participant's age, family type, health-care benefit at the office, and provision of health-care benefits. Conclusions: The findings of the study reveal that the overall prevalence of job stress was found to be 47.5%. Emphasis should be given to health-care benefits at the office of women as well as for the provision of proper family support and care during their job.


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