Journal of the Scientific Society

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 145--147

Road geometry as a factor for musculoskeletal injuries due to road traffic accidents in Sub-Himalayan State of Himachal Pradesh


Sunil Kumar Raina1, Bhanu Awasthi2, Lucky Kumar2, Sandeep Kalia2, Lokesh Thakur2 
1 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. RP Government Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. RP Government Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Kumar Raina
Department of Community Medicine, Dr. RP Government Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh
India

Background: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) kill 1.25 million people each year and injure between 20 and 50 million more people with many incurring a disability as a result of their injury. The road environment (design and geometry) can affect driver speed choice, thereby increasing chances of accidents.Materials and Methods: Patients attending tertiary care center for musculoskeletal injuries after an RTA were enrolled in the study. The data were collected using a standard questionnaire. The details on the geometry of the road (type of road; highway or other, metaled or nonmetaled, straight, and curved) were obtaine through inspection wherever possible. Results: Majority of the RTAs occurred on state highways (n = 154/313, 49.7%) followed by national highways (NH) (n = 94/313, 30%). Link roads account for comparatively less number (n = 65/313, 20.7%) of cases. Majority of the accidents occurred on metaled road (n = 268, 85.6%); however, the association of different vehicles involved in RTA with the condition of road was not found to be significant statistically (P > 0.5). Further, the majority of the RTA occurred on straight roads (n = 204, 65.1%). Conclusion: Road geometry is an important factor in RTAs as drivers generally tend to choose their speed based on their perception of the appropriate speed for the road geometry.


How to cite this article:
Raina SK, Awasthi B, Kumar L, Kalia S, Thakur L. Road geometry as a factor for musculoskeletal injuries due to road traffic accidents in Sub-Himalayan State of Himachal Pradesh.J Sci Soc 2017;44:145-147


How to cite this URL:
Raina SK, Awasthi B, Kumar L, Kalia S, Thakur L. Road geometry as a factor for musculoskeletal injuries due to road traffic accidents in Sub-Himalayan State of Himachal Pradesh. J Sci Soc [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Jun 17 ];44:145-147
Available from: https://www.jscisociety.com/article.asp?issn=0974-5009;year=2017;volume=44;issue=3;spage=145;epage=147;aulast=Raina;type=0